Related to "two dissimilar metallic wires"

Telemetry is an automated communications process by which measurements and other data are collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring.[1] The word is derived from Greek roots: tele = remote, and metron = measure. Systems that need external instructions and data to operate require the counterpart of telemetry, telecommand.[2]

Although the term commonly refers to wireless data transfer mechanisms (e.g., using radio, ultrasonic, or infrared systems), it also encompasses data transferred over other media such as a telephone or computer network, optical link or other wired communications like power line carriers. Many modern telemetry systems take advantage of the low cost and ubiquity of GSM networks by using SMS to receive and transmit telemetry data.

telemeter is a device used to remotely measure any quantity. It consists of a sensor, a transmission path, and a display, recording, or control device. Telemeters are the physical devices used in telemetry. Electronic devices are widely used in telemetry and can be wireless or hard-wired, analog or digital. Other technologies are also possible, such as mechanical, hydraulic and optical.[3]

Telemetry may be commutated to allow the transmission of multiple data streams in a fixed frame.

Description:

Telemetry is an automated communications process by which measurements and other data are collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring.[1] The word is derived from Greek roots: tele = remote, and metron = measure. Systems that need external instructions and data to operate require the counterpart of telemetry, telecommand.[2]

Although the term commonly refers to wireless data transfer mechanisms (e.g., using radio, ultrasonic, or infrared systems), it also encompasses data transferred over other media such as a telephone or computer network, optical link or other wired communications like power line carriers. Many modern telemetry systems take advantage of the low cost and ubiquity of GSM networks by using SMS to receive and transmit telemetry data.

telemeter is a device used to remotely measure any quantity. It consists of a sensor, a transmission path, and a display, recording, or control device. Telemeters are the physical devices used in telemetry. Electronic devices are widely used in telemetry and can be wireless or hard-wired, analog or digital. Other technologies are also possible, such as mechanical, hydraulic and optical.[3]

Telemetry may be commutated to allow the transmission of multiple data streams in a fixed frame.

Related Keyphrases:

wireless data transfer mechanisms | Many modern telemetry systems | multiple data streams | communications process | transmit telemetry | external instructions | Electronic devices | inaccessible points | power line carriers | transmission path | physical devices | computer network | control device | communications | optical link

Thermocouples are widely used in automotive industry for temperature testing at product design and EOL (End of Line) stages and for permanent monitoring afterwards. However, with the increasing voltage levels in Emobility thermocouples possess many risks in product design and testing stages. Some of them are safety related risk and have potential to be life threatening for employees (research and test engineers).

Thermocouples are based on the principles, that a small voltage (in milli-volts) gets produced when a junction (joint) of two dissimilar metal wires is cooled or heated. The generated voltage signal is measured at the other end of the metal wires and calibrated for the temperature range. During the temperature testing the junction end is put on the test object and voltage is being measured at the other end to estimate the temperature of test object.

Now imagine if the two metal wires are put on the 1000 V Battery or Motor for temperature testing and somehow the test engineers touch the wire by mistake. Even worse how accurate will be the milli-volt signal when it passes through an environment where there is high electric and magnetic field.

Without getting into more technicality let us take a closer look on the common reasons why thermocouples have failed in Emobility testing and should be replaced with intrinsically safe sensors.

1. Safety

safety It is very obvious and common sensical thing to find out the safety risk of using thermocouples in Emobility testing, especially when test engineers have to adjust sensing location such as finding the right hot spot or reach to the measuring points that are not easily accessible (Inverters, Stator Windings, Battery Cooling duct). Thermocouples are subject to creating a short circuit and electrocution risks to the employees.


2. Noise

noiseWith the Emobility going towards 1000V and even higher 2500V (for commercial vehicles), thermocouples are highly susceptible to noise. The milli-volt signal requires lot of isolation under such large voltages and even then, the signal is not clear enough to measure accurate temperature.



3. Larger Size  

larger sizeThermocouples are not suitable for Emobility applications that has very tiny space for putting sensors such as Charging Points, Invertor IGBTs, Battery Inter-cell temperature measurement etc. It has been observed that thermocouples are less responsive and inaccurate (up to 20 to 30 Deg Celsius) if they are not put directly on the charging points. 


4. Non-Linearity Over The Range  

Non-Linearity Over The RangeThough the thermocouples are calibrated for a certain range, they still need complex compensation algorithm to maintain linearity over the range since they are being used at harsh conditions (High electric, chemical and magnetic fields) and different test environments.



5. Longer Response Time  

FLonger Response Time aster and accurate measurement is critical for Emobility during the performance, life cycle and abuse testing. Not only the accuracy, thermocouples are also limited by the response time requirements of Emobility applications such as detection of Thermal Runaway Issues, Charging Point Temperature, Stator Winding Temperature etc.


6. Poor Repeatability 

Poor Repeatability Thermocouples are made of two dissimilar metallic wires and susceptive to material purity which varies from batch to batch and manufacturer to manufacturer. This variation creates calibration issues resulting into non-repeatability of accurate measurements. Further the chemical composition of metal changes with time especially if they are put into chemical environment like Batteries.


Description:

Thermocouples are widely used in automotive industry for temperature testing at product design and EOL (End of Line) stages and for permanent monitoring afterwards. However, with the increasing voltage levels in Emobility thermocouples possess many risks in product design and testing stages. Some of them are safety related risk and have potential to be life threatening for employees (research and test engineers).

Thermocouples are based on the principles, that a small voltage (in milli-volts) gets produced when a junction (joint) of two dissimilar metal wires is cooled or heated. The generated voltage signal is measured at the other end of the metal wires and calibrated for the temperature range. During the temperature testing the junction end is put on the test object and voltage is being measured at the other end to estimate the temperature of test object.

Now imagine if the two metal wires are put on the 1000 V Battery or Motor for temperature testing and somehow the test engineers touch the wire by mistake. Even worse how accurate will be the milli-volt signal when it passes through an environment where there is high electric and magnetic field.

Without getting into more technicality let us take a closer look on the common reasons why thermocouples have failed in Emobility testing and should be replaced with intrinsically safe sensors.

1. Safety

safety It is very obvious and common sensical thing to find out the safety risk of using thermocouples in Emobility testing, especially when test engineers have to adjust sensing location such as finding the right hot spot or reach to the measuring points that are not easily accessible (Inverters, Stator Windings, Battery Cooling duct). Thermocouples are subject to creating a short circuit and electrocution risks to the employees.


2. Noise

noiseWith the Emobility going towards 1000V and even higher 2500V (for commercial vehicles), thermocouples are highly susceptible to noise. The milli-volt signal requires lot of isolation under such large voltages and even then, the signal is not clear enough to measure accurate temperature.



3. Larger Size  

larger sizeThermocouples are not suitable for Emobility applications that has very tiny space for putting sensors such as Charging Points, Invertor IGBTs, Battery Inter-cell temperature measurement etc. It has been observed that thermocouples are less responsive and inaccurate (up to 20 to 30 Deg Celsius) if they are not put directly on the charging points. 


4. Non-Linearity Over The Range  

Non-Linearity Over The RangeThough the thermocouples are calibrated for a certain range, they still need complex compensation algorithm to maintain linearity over the range since they are being used at harsh conditions (High electric, chemical and magnetic fields) and different test environments.



5. Longer Response Time  

FLonger Response Time aster and accurate measurement is critical for Emobility during the performance, life cycle and abuse testing. Not only the accuracy, thermocouples are also limited by the response time requirements of Emobility applications such as detection of Thermal Runaway Issues, Charging Point Temperature, Stator Winding Temperature etc.


6. Poor Repeatability 

Poor Repeatability Thermocouples are made of two dissimilar metallic wires and susceptive to material purity which varies from batch to batch and manufacturer to manufacturer. This variation creates calibration issues resulting into non-repeatability of accurate measurements. Further the chemical composition of metal changes with time especially if they are put into chemical environment like Batteries.


Related Keyphrases:

two dissimilar metal wires | two dissimilar metallic wires | Emobility thermocouples | permanent monitoring afterwards | generated voltage signal | temperature measurement | complex compensation algorithm | Emobility applications | Stator Winding Temperature | Charging Point Temperature | response time requirements | test engineers touch | temperature range | accurate measurements | accurate measurement

Description:

Thermocouples are widely used in automotive industry for temperature testing at product design and EOL (End of Line) stages and for permanent monitoring afterwards. However, with the increasing voltage levels in Emobility thermocouples posses many risks in product design and testing stages. Some of them are safety related risk and have potential to be life threatening for employees (research and test engineers).

Researchers and testing experts in Emobility have seen the following major challenges with using Thermocouples for temperature testing in high voltage applications.

  1. Safety: Thermocouples are subject to creating a short circuit and electrocution risks to the employees.
  2. Noise: With the Emobility going towards 1000V and even higher 2500V (for commercial vehicles), thermocouples are highly susceptible to noise.
  3. Linearity: Though the thermocouples are calibrated for a certain range, they still need complex compensation algorithm to maintain linearity over the range
  4. Response Time: Thermocouples are not fast enough and accurate for thermal profiling of key components of Electric Vehicles such as Charging Points, Battery, Motor Windings and Power Electronics.
  5. Repeatability: Thermocouples are made of two dissimilar metallic wires and susceptive to material purity which varies from batch to batch and manufacturer to manufacturer.

Related Keyphrases:

permanent monitoring afterwards | complex compensation algorithm | two dissimilar metallic wires | Emobility thermocouples | electrocution risks | commercial vehicles | automotive industry | rangeResponse Time | Electric Vehicles | major challenges | product design | material purity | voltage levels | Charging Points | key components